Koln Germany History
The beautiful German city of Cologne, situated on the banks of the Rhine, is often associated with a sense of history, culture and even a little bit of art and art history. It is considered one of the most liberal cities in Germany, yet it retains a kind of small-town charm.
Situated on the banks of the spectacular Rhine, it is one of the oldest cities in Germany and was first settled in 38 BC. Germany's second oldest stonemason's building dates back to the years 5 - 6 AD. The so-called Ubian Monument (Link) is an abbey of the ancient city of Ubia, a city in the east of Cologne, and site of the "second oldest" stone masonry buildings in Germany dating from 5.6 ad.
While there were still upstarts like Munich and Berlin, Cologne was in the early Middle Ages the largest city north of the Alps, ruled by a powerful archbishop and profiting economically from the big city. The Cologne area gave it an additional advantage over other Hanseatic cities and it became the largest city in Germany in the region. Rhine, Cologne occupied and served as the northernmost city in the Roman Empire and was built on the site of an ancient city - the state, the ancient city of Ubia, which today belongs to Cologne.
While Cologne was the largest of its neighbours, Düsseldorf was chosen as the capital of the newly founded state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Cologne also benefited from being sandwiched between two of Germany's most populous cities - Bonn and Cologne - while BonN chose the larger city of Hamburg, Germany's second largest city and the third largest in the world.
Bonn is located on the Rhine and has only 311,111 inhabitants. Bonn is the perfect starting point for visiting the cities of Cologne, Düsseldorf and the Rhine. Cologne is located in the north of the German Plain, where the Rhine flows into the North Rhine-Westphalia region, south of Hamburg and northeast of BonnN.
Cologne can trace its history back to 38 BC, when the first Roman troops arrived and set up camp here. Cologne is also the oldest Jewish community in Germany and can be described by the Cologne Jews as the "oldest Jewish community north of the Alps," which is evident from records from the time before the Until 321 AD, the history of the Jews in Cologne is documented in the land registers of Cologne, Düsseldorf and Bonn as well as in other parts of Germany. Land records provide information about the origins of all Cologne Jews, as they mention the existence of a number of settlements, such as the first synagogue in the city, the synagogue of St. Pauli and the Church of the Redeemer.
On a global scale, all major cities are important: Cologne has established itself as an important media centre, Frankfurt is an international economic centre, and Cologne and Bonn are the most important metropolises. GDP in 2007 was $30,800. Cologne is the second largest city in Germany and the third largest in the world after Berlin, which has the largest Jewish population in Europe and is one of the largest cities in Germany.
The Cologne City Archive, the largest in Germany, is dedicated to the history of the city of Cologne and its history. Cologne consists of a large number of museums, libraries and other public buildings, such as the Cologne Art Museum.
It is good to know this historical background in order to appreciate the role of Cologne in the German art scene even more. The Kolnisches Stadtmuseum is the oldest museum in the city of Cologne, founded in 1888. The German Museums in Cologne have established strong links with the present. This volume contains the work of some of the best German historians who have worked in and around Cologne.
The west bank of the Rhine lies in the fertile North German lowlands, where the river flows into the city of Cologne, the largest city in Germany and the second largest in the world.
With just under half a million inhabitants, Cologne is the capital of the densely populated Rhine-Ruhr region, which also includes the city of Cologne, the second largest city in Germany and the third largest in the world and home to one of the 16 German states, the so-called Ländle. It is a small city with a little over 1.5 million inhabitants, while Cologne - Kolkol with just under 1 million inhabitants - is also the fourth largest city in Germany. In German history, one immediately notices the contrast between Cologne and its neighbouring cities such as Stuttgart, Berlin, Hamburg and Frankfurt.
Cologne Cathedral, the unofficial landmark of the city, is a Gothic church that was begun in 1248 and completed in 1880. Cologne has become such a popular tourist destination that it is difficult to see remnants of Germanic tradition in the majority of similar German buildings. Some elements of French Gothic are still in force today, and the Cologne Cathedral and the German Cathedral of Amiens are modelled on these foundations.